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WM.pl » Ekomazury » Poplotkujmy o srokach
2010-03-17

Poplotkujmy o srokach

Korzystając z wolnego wieczoru postanowiłem złapać dwie sroki za ogon i napisać artykuł o ptakach, jednocześnie oglądając transmisję meczu piłki nożnej. Pomyślałem „dam radę. W końcu nie wypadłem sroce spod ogona”.

Fot. Krzysztof Pawlukojć

Tymczasem mijały minuty, a je nie dosyć, że nie wiedziałem co się dzieje na boisku, to i bez pomysłu gapiłem się w pusta kartkę, niczym sroka w gnat.

Nie ma chyba drugiego takiego ptaka, który byłby bohaterem tylu przysłów, powiedzeń i symboli, jak znana wszystkim, popularna sroka. Dziś sprawdzimy, co sprawia, że ten sympatyczny ptak tak skutecznie działa na wyobraźnię ludzi i czy zasłużenie dźwiga brzemię tych wszystkich nadawanych mu przez lata, nie zawsze pozytywnych, określeń i wizerunków.

Najbardziej niekorzystną i w pewnym sensie krzywdzącą cechą przypisywaną tym ptakom, jest skłonność do przywłaszczania sobie cudzego mienia. Oczywiście, jak w każdej plotce i tym razem znajdzie się jakieś ziarnko prawdy.

Sroki, jak wszystkie ptaki należące do rodziny krukowatych wyróżniają się wrodzonym sprytem i inteligencją. Ciekawość i chęć poznawania świata sprawiają, iż ptaki te, gdy zobaczą coś wyjątkowego, nieznanego dla nich, czy po prostu wyróżniającego się z otoczenia, rzeczywiście nie mogą się oprzeć i zabierają to często do swojego gniazda.

Jednak aby ogłosić sprawiedliwy wyrok sprawcy kradzieży należałoby przede wszystkim poznać motywy kierujące jego zachowaniem. Sroki nie przywłaszczają sobie przedmiotów z pobudek materialistycznych, a jedynie w celach… „naukowo – badawczych”, a to z pewnością są okoliczności łagodzące.

Łupem srok padają wprawdzie czasami kosztowne błyskotki, czy monety, ale dużo częściej są to bezwartościowe kawałki papierów, czy szmatek. Możemy więc jak najbardziej ich wybryki zakwalifikować do wykroczeń o niskiej szkodliwości społecznej.

Plotkuje się również o wokalnych możliwościach srok. Gdy słyszymy jakiegoś śpiewającego amatora, który w dodatku wydaje dosyć nieprzyjemne dla ucha dźwięki, wówczas często mówimy, że „skrzeczy jak sroka”. Jest to porównanie tylko częściowo adekwatne. Oczywiście sroki, jak wszystkie krukowate rzeczywiście najczęściej prezentuje dosyć zgrzytliwe, fałszywe odgłosy.

Jednak bywają momenty, szczególnie w okresie toków, kiedy sroki prezentują całkiem bogaty repertuar miękkich i przyjemnych dźwięków. Poza tym ptaki te posiadają niezwykłą umiejętność naśladowania różnych odgłosów. Wychowywane od małego w niewoli i uczone mowy ludzkiej potrafią bezbłędnie powtarzać wyrazy a nawet całe zdania. Zatem możliwości wokalne sroka ma duże, tylko leń nie zawsze z nich korzysta.
Krzysztof Pawlukojć

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