Sobota, 23 Listopada 2019, imieniny: Klemensa, Amelii złóż życzenia »
BRANŻE:  
WM.pl » Ekomazury » Miłakowo: miasteczko z wiejskimi klimatami
2010-03-27

Miłakowo: miasteczko z wiejskimi klimatami

Malutkie miasteczko z wiejskimi klimatami. Tak, mówiąc najkrócej, najkrócej wygląda Miłakowo z okna samochodu:-)

Fot. internauta

internauta
Miłakowo (niem. Liebstadt) to miasto w woj. warmińsko-mazurskim, w powiecie ostródzkim, siedziba gminy miejsko-wiejskiej Miłakowo.

W latach 1975-1998 administracyjnie należało do woj. olsztyńskiego. W roku 1973 jako wieś należało do powiatu morąskiego. Prawa miejskie odzyskało 1 stycznia 1998 roku. W okresie 1945-1998 wieś gminna. W latach 1945-46 miejscowość nosiła nazwę Lubieniewo, Lubomino.

Według danych z 31 grudnia 2004, miasto miało 2685 mieszkańców.

Miłakowo powstało w XIV w. jako osada przy zamku krzyżackim. Założycielem zamku i podgrodzia był Henryk von Liebenzell. Od jego nazwiska pochodziła zapewne pierwotna nazwa osiedla – Liebstadt, która pojawia sie w dokumencie z roku 1315. Nie jest znany zakres pierwotnych praw miejskich Miłakowa. Wielki mistrz Hans von Tieffen potwierdził i poszerzył prawa miejskie w 1490 r. W czasie wojny polsko-krzyzackeij Miłakowo było oblegane i zajęte przez wojska polskie. Pod panowaniem Zakonu Miłakowo pozostało do 1525 r., potem weszło należało do Prus Książęcych. Duże zniszczenia miastu przyniosła wojna szwedzka (1659 r.) oraz przemarsz wojsk napoleońskich (1807 - całe miasto zostało spalone). W dniach 18-21 lutego 1807 na plebanii w Miłakowie kwaterował Napoleon. W 1945 r. miasto zostało zniszczono o około 50% i utraciło prawa miejskie. Miłakowo leży w obrębie krainy historycznej Prusy Górne.

źródło: Wikipedia

Dodaj komentarz

zgłoś nadużycie www.mrgoldengoose.com, Utworzony: 2019-09-16 08:05:39

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-force-1-c-53_54/ nike air force 1 ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/mercedes-f1-caps-c-3/ Mercedes F1 Cap ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-superstar-c-7/ GGDB Super Star ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/golden-goose-hombre-c-1/ golden goose hombre ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/canad-goose-gloves-c-50/ canada goose gloves ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-high-top-c-2/ Converse High Top ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/ golden goose zapatillas outlet ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-superstar-c-4/ Golden Goose Superstar ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ Golden Goose Francy ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/francy-c-2/ golden goose francy ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-tubular-c-6_46/ adidas tubular ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-shoes-c-8/ air jordan shoes ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/ Converse Store ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-hi-star-c-3/ Golden Goose Hi Star ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/ golden goose mujer ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-max-97-c-53_59/ nike air max 97 ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/hi-star-c-8/ golden goose hi star ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-starter-c-6/ Golden Goose Starter ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/womens-air-jordans-c-8_30/ womens air jordans ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/ canada goose ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/ Philippe Model Sale ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-v-star-c-8/ golden goose v star ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-mid-star-c-4/ golden goose mid star ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ golden goose ball star ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-starter-c-7/ Golden Goose Starter ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakersale.us/ golden goose outlet ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/ Golden Goose Chaussures ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-low-top-c-4/ Converse Low Top ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-mid-star-c-4/ Golden Goose Mid Star ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/mid-star-c-6/ golden goose mid star ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-superstar-c-7/ GGDB Superstar ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-francy-c-2/ GGDB Francy ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-ball-star-c-1/ GGDB Ball Star ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-mid-star-c-6/ Golden Goose Mid Star ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/ New York Yankees Cap ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ Golden Goose Ball Star ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/ Yankees Hats For Sale ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/ Converse Shoes ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ Golden Goose Francy ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/puma-shoes-c-51/ puma shoes ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ GGDB Sneakers Sale ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/mercedes-lewis-hamilton-hats-c-2/ mercedes lewis hamilton hats ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/ Golden Goose Outlet ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/ air max 270 outlet ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-francy-c-2/ GGDB Francy ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ golden goose francy ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-superstar-c-6_45/ adidas superstar ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-8-c-8_20/ air jordan 8 ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-max-270-c-53_56/ nike air max 270 ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-shoes-c-53/ nike shoes ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/canada-goose-mens-c-51/ canada goose mens ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/ Lewis Hamilton Cap ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/ Philippe Model ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/ golden goose outlet ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-starter-c-7/ Golden Goose Starter ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/men-coats-c-5/ moncler men coats ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-5-c-8_17/ air jordan 5 ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/new-balance-shoes-c-50/ new balance shoes ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/lewis-hamilton-caps-c-1/ Lewis Hamilton Caps ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/ golden goose sneakers ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-seasonal-color-c-6/ Converse Seasonal Color ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/ Sport Shoes Outlet ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/ Lewis Hamilton Cap 2019 ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-1970s-c-1/ Converse 1970s ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose Saldi ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/superstar-c-4/ golden goose superstar ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-hi-star-c-3/ GGDB Hi Star ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-superstar-c-4/ Golden Goose Superstar ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/men-vests-c-7/ moncler men vests ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/ New York Yankees Hat ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers Sale ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/ Golden Goose Pas Cher ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ Golden Goose Ball Star ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ ggdb shoes ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/yeezy-boost-c-7/ yeezy boost ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/ canada goose outlet online ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-eqt-c-6_37/ adidas eqt ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ Golden Goose Slide ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ Golden Goose Ball Star ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/ nike air max 270 ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-superstar-c-7/ golden goose superstar ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ Golden Goose Francy ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakersale.us/ golden goose sneakers ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-1-c-8_9/ air jordan 1 ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/golden-goose-uomo-c-2/ golden goose uomo ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/ golden goose sale ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/men-jackets-c-6/ moncler men jackets ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-hi-star-c-3/ golden goose hi star ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/ Sport Shoes On Sale ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-6-c-8_18/ air jordan 6 ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-v-star-c-3/ Golden Goose V Star ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ golden goose ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/ Moncler Jacket ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/ Moncler Outlet ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/ air max 270 sale ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/ cheap air max 270 ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-v-star-c-3/ Golden Goose V Star ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/ canada goose sale ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-superstar-c-7/ golden goose superstar ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/baseball-visor-caps-c-5/ new york yankees visor cap ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/ Golden Goose Pas Cher ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ golden goose slide ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/canada-goose-womens-c-56/ canada goose womens ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakersale.us/ golden goose sneakers sale ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-mid-star-c-4/ golden goose mid star ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-starter-c-6/ GGDB Starter ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/baseball-hat-cap-c-3/ new york yankees baseball cap ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/ Golden Goose Shoes ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/ Golden Goose Sale ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-mid-star-c-4/ Golden Goose Mid Star ,

https://www.canadagooseoutletsales.com/ canada goose outlet ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ Golden Goose Francy ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/ Moncler Coat ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ golden goose francy ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-gazelle-c-6_39/ adidas gazelle ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-12-c-8_12/ air jordan 12 ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-starter-c-6/ golden goose starter ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/golden-goose-femme-c-1/ golden goose femme ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/lewis-hamilton-hats-c-1/ lewis hamilton hat ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-mid-star-c-4/ GGDB Mid Star ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/v-star-c-3/ golden goose v star ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/ Mercedes Lewis Hamilton ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-superstar-c-4/ Golden Goose Superstar ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-hi-star-c-8/ Golden Goose Hi Star ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ Golden Goose Ball Star ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/golden-goose-mujer-c-2/ golden goose mujer ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/accessories-c-1/ moncler accessories ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/golden-goose-hi-star-c-3/ golden goose hi star ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/philippe-moldel-woman-c-2/ Philippe Model Woman ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-max-90-c-53_57/ nike air max 90 ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/nike-air-max-270-c-1/ air max 270 ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/ Sport Shoes ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-starter-c-7/ Golden Goose Starter ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/vans-shoes-c-52/ vans shoes ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-v-star-c-8/ golden goose v star ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-monochrome-c-5/ Converse Monochrome ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ golden goose sale ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-starter-c-6/ Golden Goose Starter ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ GGDB ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/ Converse Outlet ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-slide-c-5/ GGDB Slide ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/ Golden Goose Soldes ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/philippe-moldel-man-c-1/ Philippe Model Man ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-starter-c-6/ GGDB Starter ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-hi-star-c-8/ Golden Goose Hi Star ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/ Golden Goose Outlet ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/ Golden Goose Sale ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-hi-star-c-3/ Golden Goose Hi Star ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/ Mercedes Lewis Hamilton Hat ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ golden goose slide ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/ Mercedes Lewis Hamilton Cap ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/ Moncler Sale ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-4-c-8_16/ air jordan 4 ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-13-c-8_13/ air jordan 13 ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-ultra-boost-c-6_36/ adidas ultra boost ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose Saldi ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ golden goose ball star ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-francy-c-2/ Golden Goose Francy ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ggdb-ball-star-c-1/ GGDB Ball Star ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/golden-goose-homme-c-2/ golden goose homme ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose Scarpe ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/ Golden Goose Soldes ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-nmd-c-6_41/ adidas nmd ,

https://www.airmax270site.com/ air max 270 ,

https://www.mercedeslewishamiltonhat.com/mercedes-f1-hats-c-3/ mercedes f1 hat ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-3-c-8_15/ air jordan 3 ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/ Golden Goose Zapatillas ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/ Sport Shoes Sale ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-mid-star-c-4/ GGDB Mid Star ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ Golden Goose Slide ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-ball-star-c-1/ Golden Goose Ball Star ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-epic-react-c-53_61/ nike epic react ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/converse-shoes-c-49/ converse shoes ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/mlb-baseball-caps-c-2/ new york yankees caps ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/women-coats-c-8/ moncler women coats ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/mercedes-lewis-hamilton-caps-c-2/ Mercedes Lewis Hamilton Caps ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/women-jackets-c-9/ moncler women jackets ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/ Golden Goose Outlet ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-superstar-c-7/ Golden Goose Superstar ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ ggdb shoes sale ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ Golden Goose Slide ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/golden-goose-hi-star-c-8/ Golden Goose Hi Star ,

https://www.converse-outlet.com/converse-leather-c-3/ Converse Leather Shoes ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-mid-star-c-6/ Golden Goose Mid Star ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/slide-c-5/ golden goose slide ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakersale.us/ golden goose ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/ Lewis Hamilton Cap Collection ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/ golden goose ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakerser.com/golden-goose-starter-c-6/ golden goose starter ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers Outlet ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-v-star-c-8/ Golden Goose V Star ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ Golden Goose Slide ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.es/golden-goose-mid-star-c-6/ Golden Goose Mid Star ,

https://www.mrgoldengoose.com/ Golden Goose Sale ,

https://www.scarpegoldengoose.it/ Golden Goose Scarpe ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-shoes-c-6/ adidas shoes ,

https://www.goldengoosesneakersale.us/golden-goose-sneakers-c-1/ golden goose sneakers ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/ Yankees Caps Official Site ,

https://www.goldengooseshoesit.com/golden-goose-slide-c-5/ Golden Goose Slide ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/ Moncler Vest ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-iniki-runner-c-6_40/ adidas iniki runner ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ GGDB Sneakers ,

https://www.ggdbsneakersale.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/ Philippe Model Shoes ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-v-star-c-8/ Golden Goose V Star ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/ golden goose hombre ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/ Golden Goose Baskets ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-7-c-8_19/ air jordan 7 ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/mlb-baseball-hats-c-4/ new york yankees hats ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-max-95-c-53_58/ nike air max 95 ,

https://www.goldengoosezapatillas.es/ golden goose zapatillas ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/golden-goose-superstar-c-7/ Golden Goose Superstar ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-hi-star-c-3/ GGDB Hi Star ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-huarache-c-53_55/ nike air huarache ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/air-jordan-11-c-8_11/ air jordan 11 ,

https://www.lewishamiltoncaps.com/ Lewis Hamilton Hat ,

https://www.moncleroutletsales.com/women-vests-c-10/ moncler women vests ,

https://www.sneakersgoldengoose.it/golden-goose-donna-c-1/ golden goose donna ,

https://www.saleggdbshoes.com/ggdb-slide-c-5/ GGDB Slide ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/starter-c-7/ golden goose starter ,

https://www.goldengooser.com/ball-star-c-1/ golden goose ball star ,

https://www.philippemodelsale.com/ Philippe Model Sneakers ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/nike-air-vapormax-c-53_60/ nike air vapormax ,

https://www.goldengoosepascher.fr/golden-goose-v-star-c-3/ Golden Goose V Star ,

https://www.newgoldengoosesneakers.com/ Golden Goose Sneakers ,

https://www.soldesgoldengoose.fr/ Golden Goose Baskets ,

https://www.sportshoesonsale.com/adidas-stan-smith-c-6_43/ adidas stan smith ,

https://www.newyorkyankeeshatcaps.com/baseball-bucket-hats-c-1/ new york yankees bucket hat ,

zgłoś nadużycie Nina, Utworzony: 2019-09-11 06:58:00

Very interesting! Thanks for your sharing
strike force heroes 3

zgłoś nadużycie very good, Utworzony: 2019-08-23 11:09:15

I unquestionably getting a charge out of each and every piece of it. It is an awesome site and pleasant offer. I need to bless your heart.. Thanks
atari breakout

zgłoś nadużycie anna, Utworzony: 2019-07-23 06:03:22

Thank you, it is really a very good idea.
wuxiaworld

Edytor Sp. z o.o. informuje, że nie ponosi odpowiedzialności i w żaden sposób nie ingeruje w treść wypowiedzi umieszczanych w komentarzach, zastrzega sobie jedynie prawo do usuwania, w ciągu 24 godzin, listów o treści reklamowej, sprzecznej z prawem, wzywających do nienawiści rasowej, wyznaniowej, etnicznej czy też propagujących przemoc oraz treści powszechnie uznanych za naganne moralnie, społecznie niewłaściwe i naruszających zasady Netykiety. Przypominamy, że osoby zamieszczające opinie, o których mowa powyżej, mogą ponieść za ich treść odpowiedzialność karną lub cywilną.
oceń artykuł:
( 4.67 )      znakomity :)

Forum Ekologia

    zielona lekcja

    Przyroda Warmii i Mazur
    okiem Krzysztofa Pawlukojcia